Other names: steroid sulfatase deficiency; recessive X-linked ichthyosis
Inheritance: X-linked recessive
Incidence: 1:2,000 - 1:9,500
- skin: small, dark, firmly adherent scales; accentuated on sides of neck and trunk; generally spares face, palms, soles, antecubital and popliteal flexures
- eyes: asymptomatic, white spots in cornea (50%)
- genitals: undescended testis (20%)
- nervous system: mental retardation or other neurologic abnormalities (rare)
- obstetric: prolonged labor in mothers of affected sons (usual)
Age at first appearance: may be present at birth; often not noticed for months or years
Long-term course: overall severity does not change with time; distinctly worse in dry weather
Diagnostic tests: cholesterol sulfate level in blood; chemical or fluorescence analysis of cellular DNA
Abnormal gene: steroid sulfatase
Learn more about FIRST's Regional Support Network - connecting affected individuals and families with each other. Or call the FIRST office at 800.545.3286.
This information is provided as a service to patients and parents of patients who have ichthyosis. It is not intended to supplement appropriate medical care, but instead to complement that care with guidance in practical issues facing patients and parents. Neither FIRST, its Board of Directors, Medical & Scientific Advisory Board, Board of Medical Editors nor Foundation staff and officials endorse any treatments or products reported here. All issues pertaining to the care of patients with ichthyosis should be discussed with a dermatologist experienced in the treatment of their skin disorder.